Monday, February 4th is World Cancer Day, when organizations, charities, NGOes and people around the world unite to raise awareness about cancer and work to make it a global health priority.
On the occasion of World Cancer Day; "WikiNiki" introduces a variety of cancers and Iranian active charities in this day.
I am and I will
Key Cancer Facts
- 9.6 million people die from cancer every year.
- At least one third of common cancers are preventable.
- Cancer is the second-leading cause of death worldwide.
- 70% of cancer deaths occur in low-to-middle income countries.
- Up to 3.7 million lives could be saved each year by implementing resource appropriate strategies for prevention, early detection and treatment.
- The total annual economic cost of cancer is estimated at US$1.16 trillion.
What is cancer ?
Cancer is a disease which occurs when changes in a group of normal cells within the body lead to uncontrolled, abnormal growth forming a lump called a tumour; this is true of all cancers except leukaemia (cancer of the blood).
If left untreated, tumours can grow and spread into the surrounding normal tissue, or to other parts of the body via the bloodstream and lymphatic systems, and can affect the digestive, nervous and circulatory systems or release hormones that may affect body function.
Tumours can be divided into three groups:
benign, malignant or precancerous
are not cancerous and rarely threaten life. They tend to grow quite slowly, do not spread to other parts of the body and are usually made up of cells quite similar to normal or healthy cells.
They will only cause a problem if they grow very large, becoming uncomfortable or press on other organs - for example a brain tumour inside the skull.
are faster growing than benign tumours and have the ability to spread and destroy neighbouring tissue. Cells of malignant tumours can break off from the main (primary) tumour and spread to other parts of the body through a process known as metastasis.
Upon invading healthy tissue at the new site they continue to divide and grow. These secondary sites are known as metastases and the condition is referred to as metastatic cancer.
Precancerous (or premalignant)
describes the condition involving abnormal cells which may (or is likely to) develop into cancer.
Types of cancers
Cancer can be classified according to the type of cell they start from. There are five main types:
A cancer that arises from the epithelial cells (the lining of cells that helps protect or enclose organs).
Carcinomas may invade the surrounding tissues and organs and metastasise to the lymph nodes and other areas of the body. The most common forms of cancer in this group are breast, prostate, lung and colon cancer
A type of malignant tumour of the bone or soft tissue (fat, muscle, blood vessels, nerves and other connective tissues that support and surround organs).
The most common forms of sarcoma are leiomyosarcoma, liposarcoma and osteosarcoma
Lymphoma and Myeloma
Lymphoma and Myeloma are cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system.
Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, which runs all through the body, and can therefore occur anywhere.
Myeloma (or multiple myeloma) starts in the plasma cells, a type of white blood cell that produces antibodies to help fight infection. This cancer can affect the cell's ability to produce antibodies effectively
Leukaemia is a cancer of the white blood cells and bone marrow, the tissue that forms blood cells.
There are several subtypes; common are lymphocytic leukaemia and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
Brain and spinal cord cancers
these are known as central nervous system cancers. Some are benign while others can grow and spread.
Iranian active charities on World Cancer Day
KASSA Charity is a Children Cancer organization located in Isfahan, Iran. They have a celebration contains 2000 advocates of KASSA Charity & children insights cancer in two nights.
- Tuesday 29 January 2019, 7:00 PM-Wednesday 30 January 2019 11:00 PM
Speeches and Conferences for Experts to Know Cancer
I Am and I Will campaign for the purpose of informing, raising awareness and developing skills, a conference will be organized with the participation of physicians and health experts.
- Monday 4 February 2019, 12:00 AM
- Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Noor Charity will prepare and publish contents and posters to raise people's awareness of cancer, cancer prevention and support people to change their lifestyle that can decrease their risk of cancer.
- Noor Branches in Iran :Tehran, Shiraz, Bandar-Abbas, Khorramabd, Yasuj, Ilam
Reza Radiotherapy and Oncology Center
UICC member, the Reza Radiotherapy and Oncology Center in Iran have produced the World Cancer Day 2019 infographic in Persian.
- Mashhad,19 Rafsanjani St., Haftom Azar Sq., Rafsanjani Hwy., International Fair Blvd, Iran
Source: World Cancer Day Website
Persian Version of this article
Behnam Daheshpour Charity and Mahak Charity are two famouse Iranian charities that work on cancer.
Do you know another Iranian charity who is active in the field of cancer?
By answering this question, please help WikiNiki to complete this article
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